Belgium Visa

Belgium Visa

Traveling to Belgium

Tourists know Belgium for its quaint countryside, well-preserved historic cities, and multi-lingual population of French, German, and Dutch speakers. 

You may need a visa to travel to Belgium, depending on where you are from (nationality), the length of your trip (duration of stay), and your reason for travel (type of visa needed).

There are numerous types of visas for Belgium, which are valid for travel for specific purposes and times. Different Belgian visas have different Belgium visa requirements and validity periods.

In general, Belgian visas can be divided into two main categories: short stay visas and long stay visas (a long stay visa for Belgium is required for those looking to spend more than 90 days in the country).

Another main distinction relates to allowed entries: a single entry will allow you just one entry into the country; a multiple entry visa for Belgium will let you enter and exit as many times as needed. 

Belgium visa types

Short Term Visas (Type C) 

Schengen Visas 

  • Business (Belgium Schengen Business visa) 
  • Cultural 
  • Medical
  • Official Visit 
  • Other 
  • Sports
  • Study (Belgium Schengen Student visa) 
  • Tourism (Belgium Tourist visa)
  • Visiting Family or Friends 

Transit Visa (Type A) 

  • Belgium Transit visa

Long Term Visas (Type D, National) 

A long stay visa to Belgium is available for the following purposes: 


  • Academic travel (Belgium Student visa)
    • Higher education at a public institution 
    • Training in a private institution 
    • Student exchange (secondary education) 
    • Internship or training 
    • Mobility/student
  • Business travel (Belgium Working visa)
    • Official travel 
    • Internship or training 
    • Working Holiday Programme
    • Salaried work
    • Self-employment
    • Seasonal work 
    • Volunteering (EVS) 
    • Volunteering other) 
    • Activity of a religious or philosophical nature
    • Journalism 
    • Au pair 
    • Annuitant
  • Family travel
    • Adoption
    • Legal cohabitation in Belgium 
    • Marriage in Belgium
    • Marriage in Luxembourg 
    • Family reunification with a Belgian 
    • Family reunification with a foreigner staying for a limited period 
    • Family reunification with a student 
    • Family reunification for Luxembourg with non-EU citizen 
  • Humanitarian Displacement
    • Humanitarian reasons/extended family reunification
    • Humanitarian reasons/handing over a child (guardianship, kefala) 
    • Relocation 
    • Humanitarian reasons (various) 
  • Leisure (long term Belgium tourist visa)
    • Working Holiday Programme 
    • Annuitant 
  • Return
    • Return/valid F or F+ card
    • Return/valid A, B, C, D, or H card
    • Return/valid A, B, C, D, H, F, or F+ Card
    • Return/long-term absence
    • Return/certificate of registration
    • Return/Annex 35

Belgium visa requirements

The following documents are typically required for all visas to Belgium:


Official, government-issued document, not older than 10 years, with the correct validity length (a minimum three months past the intended day of exit from Belgium)

Visa fee

Your Belgium visa fee will depend on the type of visa you are applying for, and possibly other factors, such as your age. Adult Schengen visas fees are traditionally €80; the basic long-term Belgian national visa fee for adults is €198.

Personal photos

Two recently taken photos of the applicant. Photos should be passport style (and have passport dimensions). You will likely upload these photos electronically; alternatively, you will be asked to submit physical copies

Additional documents:

You will almost certainly have to submit additional documents on your Belgian visa application. Requested documents are typically those which help visa authorities confirm your identity, determine the truthfulness of your stated purpose of travel, and assess your financial state. The type of Belgian visa you apply for will determine your supplemental documents, which may include the following: 

Biographical documents

Identity documents, such as your birth certificate

Financial materials 

Documents showing your finances, such as your bank balance


Information about where you will stay in Belgium

Educational materials 

Proof of university education, etc.

Proof of medical insurance

Please note that certain supplemental forms may only be available in French, Dutch, or German. Submitted documents will also likely need to be submitted into one of those languages—or English—or else accompanied by official translations. 

Belgium visa application

Applicants for Belgian visas should follow these general steps, which may vary slightly depending on numerous factors, including visa type and application destination. 

  1. Prepare your visa application

    Choose your visa duration
    Determine how long you intend to be in Belgium —i.e. what type of Belgium visa you need: long, short, or airport. This will determine how you proceed with the subsequent application steps.
    Select your Belgian visa purpose
    Choose your reason for travel (education, business, etc.)
    Select your entry category
    Your selection of the single-entry visa for Belgium or the multiple entry visa for Belgium will determine whether or not you may travel in and out of the country/Schengen area throughout your visa period. Consider that holders of the single-entry visa for Belgium cannot return to the country after exiting.
    Determine where to apply
    Find your physical application destination (place where you will submit your visa application). This is typically the Belgian Embassy/Consulate or associated visa-application center where you live. For more information, see “where to apply.”

  2. Fill out your visa application

    Access your main application form
    Most applicants should apply for their Belgian visa online, through the official visa portal system (which requires creating an online account). Alternatively, you may apply directly through your local Belgian mission, by mailing your application or submitting a printout of the application in person. Regardless of how you apply (online or in person) you will typically need to officially submit your application through your local Belgian embassy/consulate/visa application center, in order to fulfill various in-person requirements.
    Gather the rest of your documents
    Gather your required documents as well as the supplemental ones required for your specific Belgian visa type.

  3. Schedule your visa interview appointment

    Almost all Belgian visa applicants, even those who apply online, must attend a visa appointment at their application destination (local Belgian embassy/consulate/visa application center). Scheduling a Belgian visa interview can take days, weeks, or even months—if you apply through the Belgian visa portal, you should be able to schedule your interview online. Alternatively, you may need to reach out to the embassy/consulate/visa application center directly (via email/phone) to make an appointment.

  4. Attend your visa interview

    This is where you will submit your biometric information, be interviewed, pay your Belgian visa fee, and meet other requirements pertaining to your visa type. This is typically the final stage of the Belgium visa application process; you will either be granted a visa upon the conclusion of your appointment, receive a rejection, or leave to await a decision.

Please note that certain visas may require subsequent steps (for example, if you are applying for a long term business visa you may need to apply for a Belgium Work Permit—other long term visas may require you to apply for a residence permit for Belgium. For more information about whether your visa application will subsequently require you to seek a Belgium Work Permit or a residence permit for Belgium, make sure to research the specific visa requirements for your specific visa type.

Where to apply for Belgium visa

Belgium visa application processing occurs at Belgian embassies and consulates (and their associated visa application centers) around the world. You can apply for your Belgian visa online, through the following link. However, even online applicants must fulfill the in-person Belgium visa requirements, which can only be fulfilled at your local Belgian embassy/consulate/visa application center. If there is no Belgian mission in your country, you will likely apply for your Belgian visa through the embassy/consulate of another country, which is representing Belgium’s interests abroad.

When to apply for a Belgium visa

Applicants for short-stay visas to Belgium are advised to submit their application a minimum of fourteen days before their intended trip. And while applying well in advance is recommended, applying too early (i.e. over six months before departure) is discouraged.

Belgium visa processing time

The Belgium visa application processing time varies. Factors which determine how long it will take to get your visa include the following:

  • Belgian visa type
  • Application destination
  • Your nationality
  • The completeness of application

Depending on all of these factors, you could expect to receive a visa in days, weeks, or even months after you apply.

Belgium visa FAQ

Who needs a Belgium visa?

Depending on where you are from, you may need a visa to enter the country, regardless of how long you intend to stay. Some nationalities do not need a visa to travel to Belgium. Regardless of your nationality, however, you will need a visa if you intend to stay in the country longer than 90 days and you are not an EU/EEA/Swiss citizen.

How do I get a visa for Belgium?

Get a travel document for Belgium (visa) by submitting an application to your local Belgian embassy/consulate/visa application center, meeting the visa requirements, and paying your visa fee.

How much bank balance is required for Schengen visa?

The amount of money you need depends on the Schengen country you are visiting. You will likely need to show several months proof of salary/bank statements in order to meet the Schengen proof of funds requirement.

How do you decide which of the many types of Belgium visa you need to apply for?

Choose from among the various types of Belgium visa you need to apply for by considering your reason for travel and how long you want to stay in the country. These factors will determine the type of visa you need. In addition to visa type, you should also determine how many entries you need—i.e. whether you need a multiple entry visa for Belgium or a single entry visa for Belgium.

What if my Schengen visa is rejected?

Rejected Schengen visa applicants can appeal the decision, reapply, or apply for another travel document for Belgium (different Belgian visa, such as the Golden visa for Belgium).

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