Singapore
Singapore
Singapore
Rank: 1
South Korea
South Korea
South Korea
Rank: 2
Spain
Spain
Spain
Rank: 2
Japan
Japan
Japan
Rank: 2
Italy
Italy
Italy
Rank: 2
Germany
Germany
Germany
Rank: 2
France
France
France
Rank: 2
United Kingdom
United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Rank: 3
Switzerland
Switzerland
Switzerland
Rank: 3
Sweden
Sweden
Sweden
Rank: 3
Netherlands
Netherlands
Netherlands
Rank: 3
Luxembourg
Luxembourg
Luxembourg
Rank: 3
Finland
Finland
Finland
Rank: 3
Austria
Austria
Austria
Rank: 3
Norway
Norway
Norway
Rank: 4
Ireland
Ireland
Ireland
Rank: 4
Denmark
Denmark
Denmark
Rank: 4
Belgium
Belgium
Belgium
Rank: 4
Portugal
Portugal
Portugal
Rank: 5
New Zealand
New Zealand
New Zealand
Rank: 5
United States of America
United States of America
United States of America
Rank: 6
Greece
Greece
Greece
Rank: 6
Canada
Canada
Canada
Rank: 6
Australia
Australia
Australia
Rank: 6
Malta
Malta
Malta
Rank: 7
Hungary
Hungary
Hungary
Rank: 7
Czech Republic
Czech Republic
Czech Republic
Rank: 8
Poland
Poland
Poland
Rank: 9
Iceland
Iceland
Iceland
Rank: 9
Slovakia
Slovakia
Slovakia
Rank: 10
Lithuania
Lithuania
Lithuania
Rank: 10
Liechtenstein
Liechtenstein
Liechtenstein
Rank: 10
Estonia
Estonia
Estonia
Rank: 10
Slovenia
Slovenia
Slovenia
Rank: 11
Latvia
Latvia
Latvia
Rank: 11
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia
Rank: 12
United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates
Rank: 13
Monaco
Monaco
Monaco
Rank: 14
Croatia
Croatia
Croatia
Rank: 15
Cyprus
Cyprus
Cyprus
Rank: 16
Chile
Chile
Chile
Rank: 17
Romania
Romania
Romania
Rank: 18
Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Rank: 18
Bulgaria
Bulgaria
Bulgaria
Rank: 18
San Marino
San Marino
San Marino
Rank: 19
Brazil
Brazil
Brazil
Rank: 19
Argentina
Argentina
Argentina
Rank: 19
Andorra
Andorra
Andorra
Rank: 19
Brunei
Brunei
Brunei
Rank: 20
Israel
Israel
Israel
Rank: 21
Barbados
Barbados
Barbados
Rank: 22
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico
Rank: 23
Bahamas
Bahamas
Bahamas
Rank: 24
Vatican City
Vatican City
Vatican City
Rank: 25
Uruguay
Uruguay
Uruguay
Rank: 25
Seychelles
Seychelles
Seychelles
Rank: 25
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Rank: 26
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Rank: 27
Antigua and Barbuda
Antigua and Barbuda
Antigua and Barbuda
Rank: 27
Mauritius
Mauritius
Mauritius
Rank: 28
Ukraine
Ukraine
Ukraine
Rank: 29
Trinidad and Tobago
Trinidad and Tobago
Trinidad and Tobago
Rank: 30
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Rank: 30
Paraguay
Paraguay
Paraguay
Rank: 31
Macao
Macao
Macao
Rank: 32
Panama
Panama
Panama
Rank: 33
Taiwan
Taiwan
Taiwan
Rank: 34
Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
Rank: 34
Peru
Peru
Peru
Rank: 35
Grenada
Grenada
Grenada
Rank: 35
Dominica
Dominica
Dominica
Rank: 36
Serbia
Serbia
Serbia
Rank: 37
Guatemala
Guatemala
Guatemala
Rank: 38
El Salvador
El Salvador
El Salvador
Rank: 38
Colombia
Colombia
Colombia
Rank: 38
Honduras
Honduras
Honduras
Rank: 39
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Rank: 40
Samoa
Samoa
Samoa
Rank: 41
North Macedonia
North Macedonia
North Macedonia
Rank: 42
Nicaragua
Nicaragua
Nicaragua
Rank: 43
Tuvalu
Tuvalu
Tuvalu
Rank: 44
Montenegro
Montenegro
Montenegro
Rank: 44
Tonga
Tonga
Tonga
Rank: 45
Georgia
Georgia
Georgia
Rank: 45
Marshall Islands
Marshall Islands
Marshall Islands
Rank: 46
Venezuela
Venezuela
Venezuela
Rank: 47
Moldova
Moldova
Moldova
Rank: 47
Kiribati
Kiribati
Kiribati
Rank: 47
Palau
Palau
Palau
Rank: 48
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Rank: 49
Micronesia
Micronesia
Micronesia
Rank: 50
Albania
Albania
Albania
Rank: 51
Turkey
Turkey
Turkey
Rank: 52
Russia
Russia
Russia
Rank: 52
South Africa
South Africa
South Africa
Rank: 53
Qatar
Qatar
Qatar
Rank: 53
Belize
Belize
Belize
Rank: 54
Kuwait
Kuwait
Kuwait
Rank: 55
Timor-Leste
Timor-Leste
Timor-Leste
Rank: 56
Ecuador
Ecuador
Ecuador
Rank: 57
Maldives
Maldives
Maldives
Rank: 58
Vanuatu
Vanuatu
Vanuatu
Rank: 59
Fiji
Fiji
Fiji
Rank: 60
Nauru
Nauru
Nauru
Rank: 61
Guyana
Guyana
Guyana
Rank: 61
Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
Rank: 62
Botswana
Botswana
Botswana
Rank: 62
Bahrain
Bahrain
Bahrain
Rank: 62
Jamaica
Jamaica
Jamaica
Rank: 63
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea
Rank: 64
Oman
Oman
Oman
Rank: 64
China
China
China
Rank: 65
Belarus
Belarus
Belarus
Rank: 65
Thailand
Thailand
Thailand
Rank: 66
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia
Rank: 67
Suriname
Suriname
Suriname
Rank: 68
Kosovo
Kosovo
Kosovo
Rank: 68
Namibia
Namibia
Namibia
Rank: 69
Lesotho
Lesotho
Lesotho
Rank: 69
Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
Rank: 69
Bolivia
Bolivia
Bolivia
Rank: 69
Eswatini
Eswatini
Eswatini
Rank: 70
Tanzania
Tanzania
Tanzania
Rank: 71
Malawi
Malawi
Malawi
Rank: 71
Kenya
Kenya
Kenya
Rank: 71
Dominican Republic
Dominican Republic
Dominican Republic
Rank: 72
Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
Rank: 72
Armenia
Armenia
Armenia
Rank: 72
Zambia
Zambia
Zambia
Rank: 73
Tunisia
Tunisia
Tunisia
Rank: 73
Gambia
Gambia
Gambia
Rank: 74
Uganda
Uganda
Uganda
Rank: 75
Morocco
Morocco
Morocco
Rank: 75
Mongolia
Mongolia
Mongolia
Rank: 76
Cape Verde
Cape Verde
Cape Verde
Rank: 77
Philippines
Philippines
Philippines
Rank: 77
Ghana
Ghana
Ghana
Rank: 77
Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe
Rank: 78
Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone
Rank: 78
Rwanda
Rwanda
Rwanda
Rank: 79
Mozambique
Mozambique
Mozambique
Rank: 80
Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
Rank: 80
Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
Rank: 81
Sao Tome and Principe
Sao Tome and Principe
Sao Tome and Principe
Rank: 81
Benin
Benin
Benin
Rank: 81
Madagascar
Madagascar
Madagascar
Rank: 82
Cuba
Cuba
Cuba
Rank: 82
Gabon
Gabon
Gabon
Rank: 83
Tajikistan
Tajikistan
Tajikistan
Rank: 84
India
India
India
Rank: 84
Burkina Faso
Burkina Faso
Burkina Faso
Rank: 84
Togo
Togo
Togo
Rank: 85
Mauritania
Mauritania
Mauritania
Rank: 86
Guinea
Guinea
Guinea
Rank: 86
Equatorial Guinea
Equatorial Guinea
Equatorial Guinea
Rank: 86
Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast)
Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast)
Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast)
Rank: 87
Niger
Niger
Niger
Rank: 87
Senegal
Senegal
Senegal
Rank: 88
Comoros
Comoros
Comoros
Rank: 88
Cambodia
Cambodia
Cambodia
Rank: 88
Mali
Mali
Mali
Rank: 89
Guinea-Bissau
Guinea-Bissau
Guinea-Bissau
Rank: 89
Chad
Chad
Chad
Rank: 89
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam
Rank: 90
Jordan
Jordan
Jordan
Rank: 90
Central African Republic
Central African Republic
Central African Republic
Rank: 90
Bhutan
Bhutan
Bhutan
Rank: 90
Algeria
Algeria
Algeria
Rank: 90
Egypt
Egypt
Egypt
Rank: 91
Cameroon
Cameroon
Cameroon
Rank: 92
Angola
Angola
Angola
Rank: 92
Haiti
Haiti
Haiti
Rank: 93
Congo
Congo
Congo
Rank: 93
Turkmenistan
Turkmenistan
Turkmenistan
Rank: 94
Laos
Laos
Laos
Rank: 94
Burundi
Burundi
Burundi
Rank: 94
Liberia
Liberia
Liberia
Rank: 95
Djibouti
Djibouti
Djibouti
Rank: 95
Congo (Dem. Rep.)
Congo (Dem. Rep.)
Congo (Dem. Rep.)
Rank: 96
South Sudan
South Sudan
South Sudan
Rank: 96
Nigeria
Nigeria
Nigeria
Rank: 96
Lebanon
Lebanon
Lebanon
Rank: 96
Ethiopia
Ethiopia
Ethiopia
Rank: 96
Iran
Iran
Iran
Rank: 97
Myanmar
Myanmar
Myanmar
Rank: 98
Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
Rank: 98
Sudan
Sudan
Sudan
Rank: 99
North Korea
North Korea
North Korea
Rank: 100
Libya
Libya
Libya
Rank: 100
Eritrea
Eritrea
Eritrea
Rank: 100
Nepal
Nepal
Nepal
Rank: 101
Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Rank: 101
Palestinian Territories
Palestinian Territories
Palestinian Territories
Rank: 102
Somalia
Somalia
Somalia
Rank: 102
Yemen
Yemen
Yemen
Rank: 103
Pakistan
Pakistan
Pakistan
Rank: 104
Iraq
Iraq
Iraq
Rank: 105
Syria
Syria
Syria
Rank: 106
Afghanistan
Afghanistan
Afghanistan
Rank: 107

What is Passport Ranking?

Passport Ranking refers to the process of evaluating and comparing global passports based on the level of travel freedom they afford to their holders. The ranking is typically done through the use of a Passport Index, which employs specific methodologies and criteria to measure the global freedom of movement associated with each passport. The assessment of this mobility freedom is based on the number of destinations that allow visa-free entry, visa-on-arrival, or electronic travel authorization (eTA) for individuals carrying the respective passport. The Guide Passport Index offers the most precise and up-to-date ranking of passports, utilizing a straightforward and user-friendly methodology that can be easily understood by all users. It provides reliable and accurate results, assessing the strength of each passport in the ranking and the extensive range of travel freedom it offers to its holders.

Passport ranking is essential for travelers exploring diverse global destinations as it assesses passport strength and the availability of visa-free destinations. This knowledge guides decisions regarding ways to enhance travel freedom, including options like pursuing citizenship or residency in another country through programs such as citizenship and residency-by-investment. The Guide Passport Index also facilitates passport comparisons based on their strength and international mobility.
What is Passport Ranking?

How passports are ranked in the Guide Passport Index

The Guide Passport Index employs a comprehensive methodology to evaluate and compare passports worldwide. By meticulously analyzing the visa requirements and policies imposed by destinations across the globe, the index ranks 199 passports in descending order. This number corresponds to the countries and territories that issue their own passports.
The ranking is primarily based on the number of visa-free travel destinations available to passport holders out of a total of 229 destinations. These destinations encompass countries and territories with independent passport systems. It is important to note that the index also considers 31 territories, which, although not issuing their own passports, are counted as destinations for the purpose of evaluation. This approach ensures a comprehensive assessment of each passport’s strength and the extent of travel freedom it provides.
The Guide Passport Index adheres to a comprehensive methodology outlined as follows:

  • Analysis of Visa Requirements: The visa requirements for ordinary passport holders from all countries and territories issuing passports (199 passports) are meticulously studied when traveling to each of the 229 worldwide destinations intended for short-stay purposes like tourism and business. Multiple information sources, including data from the International Air Transport Association (IATA), relevant government websites, and other official and reliable visa policy sources, are utilized.
  • Categorization of Destinations: Based on the available information regarding visa policies and requirements for each destination, the destinations associated with each passport are categorized into five fundamental groups:
    • Visa-free access
    • Visa on arrival
    • Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA)
    • Visa Online
    • Visa Required
  • Calculation of Visa-Free Destinations: The number of destinations falling into the first three categories (visa-free access, visa on arrival, and electronic travel authorization) is summed for each passport, providing the total count of destinations where a pre-arranged visa is not required—referred to as visa-free destinations for a passport.
  • Ranking by Visa-Free Destinations: Passports are arranged in descending order based on the number of visa-free destinations associated with each passport. The top-ranked passport, occupying the first position in the ranking, signifies the most powerful passport globally, granting its holder the highest degree of global freedom of movement and access to the largest number of visa-free destinations.
  • Ongoing Monitoring and Updates: Visa policy updates are continuously monitored, and the passport ranking is promptly updated to reflect changes in the number of visa-free destinations per passport.

Factors Shaping Passport Strength

The strength and ranking of a passport are influenced by various factors, including diplomatic relations, political, economic, and security considerations. However, the primary determinant is the visa exemption agreements established by a country with other nations. The strength of a passport hinges on the level of travel freedom it affords its holders, which is contingent on the number of countries worldwide that exempt holders of that passport from obtaining a prior visa. In essence, the greater the number of visa-free destinations accessible to passport holders, the stronger the passport becomes, resulting in a higher ranking in the passport ranking index.

Expanding Freedom of Movement and Global Travel Opportunities

Individuals holding passports with lower rankings in the global passport index may encounter challenges when seeking to travel to various destinations worldwide compared to those with top-ranking passports. Nevertheless, there are several avenues and solutions available to enhance an individual's freedom of movement and international travel. One such solution is pursuing a robust second passport through citizenship-by-investment programs. By obtaining a second passport, travelers can broaden their options for international mobility and transcend the limitations imposed by their original passports.

Glossary

Passport Ranking Index

It is a tool that assesses and ranks passports based on the number of visa-free travel destinations they offer..

Visa-free travel

The ability of a traveler to enter a specific destination without obtaining a visa in advance.

Visa on arrival

A visa granted by the authorities of a country or territory upon the traveler's arrival, eliminating the need for a prior application

Electronic Travel Authorization

An online authorization required by some visa-exempt travelers to pre-screen their details before travel.

E-Visa

A visa obtained electronically through online application, typically in a non-physical form, requiring personal details, a photo, and visa fees.

Ordinary visa

A traditional visa obtained by applying at embassies, consulates, or visa application centers in the applicant's country of residence, usually affixed to the passport.

Visa-free destinations

The total number of destinations that a passport holder can travel to without a prior visa, including visa-free access, visa-on-arrival, and electronic travel authorization.

Passport Rank

The ranking of a passport on the index corresponds to the total number of visa-free travel destinations accessible to its holders.

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