Uzbekistan Passport Ranking
The Uzbekistani passport currently ranks on the 83rd place according to the Guide Passport Ranking Index. The ranking has dropped from the 71st spot in 2007 to the current ranking. It provides visa-free access to 57 countries. This gives it an overall low mobility score. Uzbekistani passport holders have visa-free access and visas on arrival to countries such as Russia, Turkey, Ukraine and Indonesia. Uzbekistani nationals require a visa to enter about 169 destinations in the world. Some of the destinations where a prior visa is required are the United States, the entire European Union, India and Japan.
The landlocked Republic of Uzbekistan is a former soviet country consisting of 12 regions. The nation is situated in Central Asia with neighboring countries Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan. The most important regions are Samarqand, Fergana and Qashqadaryo. Uzbekistan has a surface area of 448,978 square kilometers. This makes it the 16th largest country in Asia. The terrain is mostly flat sandy desert with mountains in the east. The climate is arid continental, the northern part is temperate and the southern part subtropical.
The overall population is over 33.5 million people. The capital of the country is Tashkent, which is also the most populous city with more than 2.5 million inhabitants. Other major cities are Samarqand and Fergana. The largest airport is Islam Karimov Tashkent International Airport (TAS) with 3 million yearly passengers. This makes it also the 3rd largest airport in Central Asia. It is named after former president of the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic: Islam Karimov. TAS airport has flight connections to most Russian speaking countries, Germany, Korea and the Middle East.
Uzbekistani culture has evolved and blended over several thousand years. The most practiced religion by the population is the Islam. The official language is Uzbek. The legal system is the civil law. The government type is an authoritarian presidential republic. The chief of state is President Shavkat Mirziyoyev and the head of government is the Prime Minister Abdulla Aripov. The elections take place every 5 years and the president is elected directly by absolute majority.
The official currency of the country is the Uzbekistani so’m (UZS) with the current exchange rate being UZS 10,428 to the USD. The country has a state controlled economy, generating a GDP of approximately $275 billion. Its citizens have a per capita income of $9,595. The GDP is mostly made up of 3 key sectors, which are services, industry and agriculture. Since the government controls the agricultural production, there is a strong focus on cotton, which makes it the 5th largest cotton exporter. The government tries to push reform to attract foreign investments but is unsuccessful thus far.
Uzbekistan is a developing tourism destination. It offers a variety of urban and natural tourism destinations and attractions. It has 5 UNESCO world heritage sites scattered around the country. Some of the major destinations include Samarkand, Bukhara, Khiva, Shahirzabz, the capital Tashkent and the Fergana Valley. The nation has a total of approximately 5 million tourists visiting every year with the majority originating from the neighboring countries.