The Cuban passport is currently ranked 81st place on the Guide Passport Index. It provides visa-free access to 58 destinations. This grants it an overall low mobility score. Cuban passport holders have visa-free access and visas on arrival to countries such as Singapore, Uzbekistan, Russia, and Qatar. Cuban passport holders do however require a visa to enter about 171 destinations in the world. This requires some extended travel preparations. Some destinations where a visa is required are the entire European Union, the United States and Australia.
The Cuba passport ranking relative to other global passports is calculated by adding up the number of countries that allow Cuba passport holders to enter without a visa (i.e. visa-free countries) and those that allow Cuba passport holders to enter by obtaining a visa on arrival (i.e. visa-on-arrival countries) or electronic travel authorization (eTA). There are currently a total of 26 Cuba passport visa-free countries, 31 Cuba visa-on-arrival countries, and 1 eTA destinations.
Altogether, Cuba passport holders can enter a total of 58 destinations—either without a visa, through a visa on arrival, or via an eTA. As a result, the Cuba passport ranks 81 in the world.
Separate from these Cuba visa-free countries and visa-on-arrival countries, there are 171 additional destinations in which Cuba passport holders either need a physical visa to enter or an eVisa (i.e. visa required countries).
Cuba is an island nation consisting of 15 provinces. The most important provinces are La Habana, Santiago de Cuba, and Holguín. The country is situated in the Caribbean approximately 150 kilometers south of Key West, Florida. The island has a surface area of 109,884 square kilometers. The nation’s terrain is relatively flat with rugged plains and mountains. Its climate is tropical with a dry season from November to April and a rainy season from May to October.
The overall population is approximately 11.1 million people. The capital of the country is Havana, which is also the most populous city with 2.1 million inhabitants followed by Santiago de Cuba with 555,865 inhabitants. The country’s largest airport is José Martí International Airport (HAV) with 5.7 million annual passengers. This makes it the 3rd busiest airport in the Caribbean. It is named after the Cuban national hero José Martí. The airport provides access to destinations worldwide.
Cuba is dominated by African and Spanish cultures. The majority of the population identify themselves as Christians (59%). The official language is Spanish. Cuba’s legal system is based on the Spanish civil code. The government form is a communist state. The chief of state is President Miguel Diaz-Canel. The head of government is Prime Minister Manuel Marrero Cruz.
The official currency is the Cuban Peso (CUP), which has a current exchange rate of CUP 23.9 to the USD. The country has a largely state-controlled economy, generating a GDP of approximately $78 billion. Its citizens have a per capita income of $11,255. In 2019 the communist party decided on reforms, that would promote privatization and foreign investment. The GDP is mostly made up of the services and industry sector with tourism and agricultural goods contributing the vast majority to the country’s income. Major goods of export include sugar, tobacco, citrus, coffee and nickel.
Cuba is filled with a variety of urban and natural tourist attractions, making it a very popular Caribbean destination. It is known for its vast beaches and vibrant architecture. The country has 7 UNESCO world heritage sites and 7 natural biosphere reserves. Some of the major destinations include the old town of Havana, Varadero, Cayo Coco, the Che Guevara Mausoleum, and the Plaza de la Revolucion. Main tourist activities are sightseeing, beaches, diving, and hiking. The nation has a total of over 4.2 million tourists visiting every year with the majority originating from Canada and Europe.