Mali Passport Ranking
The Malian passport currently ranks at the 86th place according to the Guide Passport Ranking Index. It is considered to be on the lower end of Passport Rankings in the world. Malian passport holders have visa-free access to only 33 countries including Indonesia, Ghana, Iran and Dominica. There are 175 destinations for which a Malian passport holder requires to obtain a visa prior to traveling. That is the reason why the passport raking is low on the overall worldwide mobility score. For major destinations such as USA and the European Union, Malians require to apply for a visa in advance. Visa applicants need to present documents such as proof of funds and return flight ticket.
The Republic of Mali is a former French colony, consists of 10 regions and one capital district. It is located in the interior Western Africa. The nation borders Guinea, Mauritania, Senegal, Niger, Burkina Faso, Algeria and Côte D’Ivoire. The most significant regions are Sikasso, Koulikoro and Ségou. The country has a total surface area of 1,240,192 square kilometers. The land is dominated by high flat plains with savanna in the south and hills in the northeast. Its climate is subtropical to arid depending on the region.
The overall population is 20.2 million people making it the 8th largest country in Africa. The capital of the country is Bamako. It is also the most populous city with over 2.5 million inhabitants. The largest airport is Modibo Keita International Airport (BKO) with an approximate yearly passenger traffic of 1 million people. The airport is named after the first president of Mali: Modibo Keita. It provides connections to African and French destinations.
Malian culture is dominated by tribal and colonial influences. Out of the total population 94% is Muslim. The official language is French. The legal system is based on the French civil law with some customary law influences. The government form is a semi-presidential republic. The current transitional chief of state is President is Bah Ndaw. The head of government is Prime Minister Moctar Ouane.
The official currency of the country is Central African CFA franc (XAF) with the current exchange rate being XAF 552 to the USD. The country has an open economy, generating a GDP of approximately $44 billion. The per capita income is $2,271. The largest portion of the GDP is generated by the services sector and agriculture. The export of gold and cotton account for over 80% of all export earnings, creating a very undiversified fragile economy. Other important export goods are: phosphate, millet, rice, corn and vegetables. Mali has seen steady growth over 5% during the past years and seeks to attract investments for the exploration of iron ore.
The country has many natural and culturally unique attractions for tourists to explore. It has four UNESCO world heritage sites scattered across the country. These sites range from secluded deserts to ancient cities. Some of the most visited tourist destinations are Timbuktu, Gao, the capital Bamako, Djenné, Hombori, Boucle du Baoulé National Park and Taoudenni. As the capital, Bamako also offers great museums and exhibitions showcasing the history and natural beauty of the country.