The Mongolian passport is currently ranked 81st place on the Guide Passport Index. It provides visa-free access to 61 destinations. Mongolian passport holders have visa-free access and visas on arrival to countries such as Philippines, Singapore, and Russia. Mongolian passport holders do however require a visa to enter 168 destinations in the world such as Taiwan, Australia, Japan, the United States and the entire European Union. This high visa requirement results in a low mobility score.
The Mongolia passport ranking relative to other global passports is calculated by adding up the number of countries that allow Mongolia passport holders to enter without a visa (i.e. visa-free countries) and those that allow Mongolia passport holders to enter by obtaining a visa on arrival (i.e. visa-on-arrival countries) or an electronic travel authorization (eTA). There are currently a total of 32 Mongolia passport visa-free countries, 28 Mongolia visa-on-arrival countries, and 1 eTA destinations.
Altogether, Mongolia passport holders can enter a total of 61 destinations—either without a visa, through a visa on arrival, or via an eTA. As a result, the Mongolia passport ranks 81 in the world.
Separate from these Mongolia visa-free countries and visa-on-arrival countries, there are 168 additional destinations which Mongolia passport holders either need a physical visa to enter or an eVisa (i.e. visa required countries).
Landlocked Mongolia is located in Northern Asia and consists of 21 provinces. It is located in between Russia and China. The most important provinces are Umnugovi, Govi-Altai and Dornod. Mongolia is the 18th largest country in in the world with a surface area of 1,566,000 square kilometers. Its climate is of the desert and continental type with large temperature fluctuations between day and night. The terrain is characterized by semidesert and desert plains.
The overall population is 3.3 million people. The capital of the country is Ulaanbaatar, which is also the most populous city with 1.4 million inhabitants. Other important cities of the country are Erdenet, Darkhan and Choibalsan. The largest airport is Buyant-Ukhaa International Airport (ULN). It has an approximate yearly passenger traffic of 1.6 million people. It connects the country to destinations across Asia and Russia.
Mongolia gained independence from China in 1921. Its culture is dominated by the Mongolian nomadic way of life. There is a religious mix in the country, with the majority being Buddhist. The official language of the nation is Mongolian. The legal system is based on the civil law, influenced by Soviet and Romano-Germanic legal systems. The government form is a semi-presidential republic with President Ukhnaagiin Khürelsükhas chief of state and Prime Minister Luvsannamsrain Oyun-Erdene as head of government. Elections take place every 4 years.
The official currency of the country is the Mongolian Tögrög (MNT) with the current exchange rate being MNT 3406 to the USD. Mongolia has an open economy, generating a GDP of approximately $47 billion. It has a per capita income of $14,270. The main GDP contributing sectors are services and industry. More than 40% of the GDP is now coming from exports of mining products. The main trading partner of the nation is China. Some of the main exports products are coal, copper, tin, tungsten, oil, wheat and barley.
Mongolia is a developing tourism destination offering several attractions. It is known for its vast wildlife and nature reserves. Some of the major destinations are Karakorum, the Terelj National Park, Lake Khovsgol, Altai Tavan Bogd National Park, the Orkhon Valley and Moron. The majority of the 577,000 yearly tourism visitors is originating from the neighboring Asian countries and Europe. The government has put financing in place to further develop the tourism sector and to diversify the GDP.