Turkey passport ranking
The Turkish passport currently ranks on the 51st place according to the Guide visa index. It provides visa-free access to 111 countries. This gives it an overall medium mobility score. Turkish passport holders have visa-free and visas on arrival access to countries such as Brazil, Qatar, Albania and South Korea. This allows almost instant travel worldwide. Turkish passport holders do however require a visa to enter about 115 countries in the world. Some destinations where visa is required are China, the Entire European Union and India.
The Republic of Turkey is a transcontinental country that consists of 81 provinces. It is located in Southeastern Europe and Southwestern Asia with neighboring countries Greece, Bulgaria, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Iraq and Syria. The most important provinces are Istanbul, Ankara and Izmir. Turkey has a surface area of 783,356 square kilometers and is therefore the 36th largest country in the world. The climate is temperate with hot, dry summers and mild winters. Turkey is a roughly rectangular peninsula. Its terrain is characterized by a high central plateau, several mountain ranges and a coastal plain.
The overall population is over 83.1 million people. The capital of the country is Ankara. The most populous city is however Istanbul with more than 15.5 million inhabitants. Other important cities are Anara, Izmir, Ankara, Antalya and Bursa. The largest airport in the nation is Istanbul Airport (IST) with over 52 million yearly passengers. This makes it the 28th busiest airport in the world. Istanbul airport has excellent flight connections to every continent. It is home to the international Turkish Airways airline.
Turkish culture is dominated by a mix of historic cultures, with the Islam as main religion. The official langue is Turkish. The legal system is the civil law based on European models. The government type is a presidential republic. The chief of state and head of government is the elected President Recep Tayyip Erdogan. The elections take place every 5 years and the president is elected indirectly by an absolute majority vote.
The official currency of the country is the Turkish Lira (TRY) with the current exchange rate being TRY 7.8 to the USD. The country has an open economy, generating a GDP of approximately $2.4 trillion. Its citizens have a per capita income of $29,723. The GDP is mostly made up of 2 key sectors, which are services and industry. Its main goods of export are textiles, automobiles, coal, copper, tobacco, cotton and grains. Tourism also plays a large role as a GDP contributor.
Turkey is filled with a variety of urban and natural tourism destinations and attractions. It is known for its picturesque historic sites and different cultural facets. Some of the major destinations include the Aya Sofya, Ephesus, Cappadocia, Topkapi Palace, Pamukkale, the Sumela Monastery and Mount Nemrut. The nation has a total of approximately 52 million tourists visiting every year. Most tourists originate from Europe and its surrounding countries making it a very popular destination especially for Russian tourists.