Rwanda passport ranking
The Rwandan passport currently ranks on the 80th place according to the Guide visa index. It provides visa-free access to 60 countries. The passport ranking has dropped over the past years from the 73rd spot in 2006 to the current ranking. The government does however steady efforts of enhancing international relations. Rwandan passport holders have visa-free access and visas on arrival to countries such as Indonesia, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka and Iran. Rwandan citizens do however require a visa to enter 166 destinations in the world such as China, Turkey, Russia, the United States and the entire European Union. This high visa requirement results in a low mobility score.
The landlocked Republic of Rwanda is a former Belgian colony. It is located in Central Africa and consists of 5 provinces. The nation borders Burundi, Tanzania, Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The most important provinces are Eastern, Southern and Western. The country is one of the smallest in Africa with a surface area of 26,338 square kilometers. Its climate is temperate with two rainy seasons and a colder snowy winter in the mountains. Its geography is characterized by mountains and grassy uplands.
The overall population is over 12.3 million people. The capital of the country is Kigali, which is also the most populous city. Other important cities of the country are Butare, Gitarama and Musanze. The largest airport in Rwanda is Kigali International Airport (KGL). It has an approximate yearly passenger traffic of 800,000 people. It connects the country to destinations across Africa and Europe.
The Republic of Rwanda gained full independence in 1962. Its culture is dominated by the heritage of the Banyarwanda people. There is a religious mix in the country, with the majority being Christian. The official languages of the nation are Kinyarwanda, French, English and Swahili. The legal system is based on the German and Belgian civil and customary law. The government form is a presidential republic with President Paul Kagame as elected chief of state. The Prime Minister is Edouard Ngirente as head of government. Elections take place every 7 years.
The official currency of the country is the Rwandan franc (RWF) with the current exchange rate being RWF 987 to the USD. Rwanda has an open economy, generating a GDP of approximately $33 billion. This makes it the 21st largest economy in Africa. It has a per capita income of $2,641. The main GDP contributing sectors are services and agriculture. Agriculture accounts for more than 60% of the export earnings with main products such as coffee, tea, bananas and beans.
Rwanda is a developed tourism destination offering several attractions. It is known for its wildlife and nature and especially for the Gorilla trekking in the mountains. Some of the major destinations are the Volcanoes National Park, the King’s Palace museum, the Akagera National Park, Lake Kivu and the capital Kigali. The majority of the 932,000 yearly tourism visitors is originating from the neighboring African countries and Europe. The government has put financing in place to further develop the tourism sector.