Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina passport ranking
Bosnia and Herzegovina
The Bosnian passport currently ranks on the 48th place according to the Guide visa index. It provides visa-free access to 117 countries. This gives it an overall medium mobility score. Bosnian passport holders have visa-free access and visas on arrival to countries such as Brazil, Singapore, Turkey and the entire European Union. This allows almost instant travel worldwide. Bosnian passport holders do however require a visa to enter about 109 destinations in the world. Some of the countries where a visa is required are Australia, Japan and India.
Bosnia and Herzegovina is a former country of Yugoslavia consisting of 10 cantons. It is located in Southeastern Europe with neighboring countries Croatia, Serbia and Montenegro. The most important cantons are Tuzla, Sarajevo and Zenica-Doboj. The nation has a surface area of 51,129 square kilometers and is therefore one of the medium sized countries in Europe. Its geography is dominated by mountains and valleys. The climate is mainly Mediterranean and continental with 4 distinct seasons.
The overall population is 3.3 million people. The capital of the country is Sarajevo, which is also the most populous city with 275,000 inhabitants. Other major cities are Banja Luka and Tuzla. The largest airport is Sarajevo International Airport (SJJ) with 1.1 million yearly passengers. This makes it the 24th busiest airport in the Balkans. Sarajevo Airport has excellent flight connections to the entire European Union.
Bosnia’s culture is dominated by a mix of languages and Balkan cultures. The Islam is the main religion to 50% of the population. The official languages are Bosnian, Serbian and Croatian. The legal system is the civil law with the constitutional court reviewing legislative acts. The government type is a parliamentary republic. The chief of state is chairman of the presidency Sefik Dzaferovic. The head of government is the chairman of the council of ministers Zoran Tegeltija. The elections take place every 4 years and the president is elected directly via popular vote.
The official currency of the country is the Bosnian Convertible Mark (BAM) with the current exchange rate being BAM 1.65 to the USD. The country has an open economy, generating a GDP of approximately $52.1 billion. Its citizens have a per capita income of $14,894. The GDP is mostly made up of 3 key sectors which are agriculture, industry followed by tourism. Bosnia’s main goods of export are wheat, corn, steel, coal and wooden furniture.
Bosnia & Herzegovina is filled with a variety of urban and natural tourism destinations and attractions. It is one of the fasted gowning tourism destinations in Europe. Some of the major cities include the capital Sarajevo and Mostar. Another destinations are the Doboj fortress, the salt lakes of Tuzla and the Tara river canyon. The nation has a total of approximately 1.8 million tourists visiting every year. Most tourists originate from Europe and its surrounding countries making it a very popular destination especially for regional visitors.