Ghana passport ranking
The Ghanaian passport currently ranks on the 75th place according to the Guide passport index. It provides visa-free access to 65 countries. The passport ranking has dropped from the 53rd spot in 2006 to its current ranking. The government makes steady efforts of enhancing international relations. Ghanaian passport holders have visa-free access and visas on arrival to countries such as Indonesia, Philippines, Singapore and Iran. Ghanaian passport holders do however require a visa to enter 161 destinations in the world. Some countries where a visa is required are Thailand, Turkey, Russia and the entire European Union. This high visa requirement results in a low mobility score.
The Republic of Ghana is a former British colony. Located in Western Africa it consists of 16 regions. It borders Burkina Faso, Togo, Côte D’Ivoire and the Gulf of Guinea. The most important regions are Greater Accra, Upper East and Central. Ghana is the 32nd largest country in Africa with a surface area of 239,567 square kilometers. Its climate is mostly tropical, dry on the coast, hot in the north and humid in the southwest. The terrain is characterized by mostly low plains and a south central plateau.
The overall population is over 31 million people. The capital of the country is Accra. It is also the most populous city with 4.2 million inhabitants. Other important cities of the country are Kumasi, Tamale and Sekondi-Takoradi. The largest airport Kotoka International Airport (ACC). It has an approximate yearly passenger traffic of more than 3 million people. It connects the country to destinations across Africa, Europe and the United States.
Ghana gained independence from Britain in 1957. Its culture is dominated by a mix of traditions and the European heritage. There is a religious dominance of Christianity in the country. The official language of the nation is English. The legal system is a mix between the English common law and the customary law. The government form is a presidential republic. President Nana Addo Dankwa is the elected chief of state and head of government. Elections take place every 4 years and the president is elected directly by an absolute majority.
The official currency of the country is the Ghanaian cedi (GHS) with the current exchange rate being GHS 5.8 to the USD. Ghana has an open economy, generating a GDP of approximately $226 billion. This makes it the 11th largest economy in Africa. It has a per capita income of $7,343. The main GDP contributing sectors are services, industry and agriculture. 20% of the GDP is generated by the agricultural sector. Important export goods are cocoa, rice, cassava, peanuts, corn, petroleum, gold and lumber.
The Republic of Ghana is offering a variety of touristic attractions. It is known for its vast wildlife and safari tours in various national parks. It has two UNESCO world heritage sites. Some of the major destinations are the capital Accra, Labadi Beach, Jamestown, Cape Coast, Kakum National Park, Elmina Castle, Busua and Mole National Park.