Nigeria passport ranking
The Nigerian passport currently ranks on the 94th place according to the Guide visa index. It provides visa-free access to 46 countries. The passport ranking has dropped during the past years from 62nd in 2006 to its current ranking. Nigerian passport holders have visa-free access and visas on arrival to countries such as Ghana, Mauritius, Kenya and Iran. Nigerian citizens require a visa to enter 180 destinations in the world such as China, Russia, the United States and the entire European Union. This high visa requirement results in a very low mobility score and significant travel preparation.
The Federal Republic of Nigeria is a former British colony. Located in Western Africa it consists of 36 states. It borders Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Benin. The most important states are Bayelsa, Ogun and Niger. Nigeria is the 14th largest country in Africa with a surface area of 923,769 square kilometers. Its climate varies from arid in the north, to tropical in the center and equatorial in the south. Its terrain is also quite diverse with plains in the north, hills and plains in the central and mountains in the southeast.
The overall population is over 206 million people making it the most populated country in Africa. The capital of the country is Abuja. The most populous city is however Lagos with 23 million inhabitants. Other important cities of the nation are Kano, Ibadan and Benin City. The largest airport is Murtala Muhammed International Airport (LOS). It has an approximate yearly passenger traffic of 5.4 million people. It connects the country to destinations across Africa, the Middle East and the United Kingdom.
Nigeria gained independence from the British in 1960. Its culture is dominated by a mix of tribal and British heritage for example there are 527 languages. The main religion of the country is the Islam. The official language of the nation is English. The legal system is a mix of the English common law, the Islamic law and the traditional law. The government form is a federal presidential republic. President Muhammadu Buhari is the elected chief of state and the head of government. Elections take place every 4 years.
The official currency of the country is the Nigerian Naira (NGN) with the current exchange rate being NGN 380 to the USD. Nigeria has an open economy, generating a GDP of approximately $1.2 trillion. This makes it the 2nd largest economy in Africa. It has a per capita income of $5,066. The main GDP contributing sectors are services, industry and agriculture. Its output is a mix between agriculture and a large industrial sector based on oil extraction and refinery. The main export products are oil, coal, tin, cocoa and peanuts.
The Federal Republic of Nigeria is a developing tourism destination offering limited attractions. It is known for its wildlife and national parks. There are two natural UNESCO world heritage sites. The main tourist activities are trekking, sightseeing and animal watching. Some popular destinations are Calabar, Lagos, Abeokuta, Yankari National Park, Abuja, Gashaka Gumti National Park and the Edumanom National Forest. Nigeria is welcoming approximately 5 million touristic visitors a year.